Dome vs Bullet Camera vs Turret Camera: How to Choose?

Video surveillance systems are essential for ensuring safety and protecting property in industries, businesses, and communities. IP cameras have become a crucial component of such systems. However, there are various types of IP cameras, each suited for different applications. Many people may question the differences between dome cameras and bullet cameras, or between turret cameras and fisheye cameras. In this article, we will provide a comprehensive explanation of the distinctions among these four commonly used security cameras: dome camera, bullet camera and turret camera. We will offer brief introductions and analyze their functions, aiming to provide you with valuable insights to make an informed decision when choosing the cameras that best meet your requirements.

Dome Camera vs Bullet Camera vs Turret Camera

What Is a Dome Camera?

Dome cameras, aptly named for their dome-shaped design, are widely employed in surveillance systems for residential properties, entertainment venues, and commercial establishments. The rounded structure of dome cameras effectively conceals the direction in which the camera is pointing, providing a level of ambiguity to outside observers. This design also allows for significant flexibility in adjusting the camera's focus distance, enabling precise positioning for optimal surveillance coverage.

Most dome cameras are equipped with built-in infrared LED lights, facilitating exceptional night vision capabilities and ensuring high-quality video surveillance even in low-light conditions. Furthermore, dome cameras are typically encased in durable covers, offering protection against vandalism and physical damage. This feature makes them an ideal choice for deployment in exposed areas where the risk of tampering or intentional harm is present.


What Is a Bullet Camera?

Bullet cameras, characterized by their cylindrical shape resembling bullet shells, are commonly utilized in video surveillance systems. They serve various purposes, including indoor security concealment and outdoor surveillance where durability is essential. A distinguishing feature of bullet cameras is their typically large motorized variable-focus or fixed lens, enabling them to monitor a wide area effectively.

Bullet cameras are equipped with powerful built-in infrared LEDs, ensuring precise imaging in different lighting conditions, whether it's day or night. This feature allows for clear and accurate video capture. Typically, bullet cameras are relatively large and easily noticeable. However, there is also the option of mini bullet cameras. Mini bullet cameras can be discreetly concealed, such as being hidden within objects like stuffed animals, or they can be larger in size to serve as a visible deterrent for external security purposes.


What Is a Turret Camera?

Turret cameras, as their name suggests, feature a turret-style 3-axis construction that enables flexible positioning of the lens in any direction. This design allows installers to easily adjust the camera's angle for optimal coverage.

Most turret cameras are equipped with built-in infrared (IR) night vision capabilities, enabling them to capture clear video even in complete darkness. Unlike dome cameras that may be susceptible to glare effects due to their glass housing, turret cameras do not have a dome shell, minimizing such issues.

The unique structure of turret cameras makes them easier to adjust compared to other camera types. These cameras find widespread usage in video surveillance systems for residential properties, businesses, and government installations.


Dome vs Bullet vs Turret Camera Comparison: Pros & Cons

Dome Camera Bullet Camera Turret Camera
Dome shape

Small size
Bullet shell shape

Highly visible and can easily be damaged

Sliced sphere shape

Small size
Visual range Small lens and range Bigger lens with a wider range Small lens and range
Night vision
Night vision

Built-in infrared LED

Night vision

High zoom capabilities

Extended IR

Night vision

Built-in infrared LED
Indoor use More discreet and less distracting More visible and easier to vandalize More discreet and less distracting
Outdoor use
High concealment

Condensation and IR Bounce back

Wider range

Visible deterrent

Prone to wildlife nesting

Clear image

No IR Bounce

Easy to be damaged
Installation Professional installation Easy installation Easy installation and adjustment

Bullet vs Dome Camera vs Turret Camera: How to Choose?

The above three types of camera are all good video surveillance options, but it's important to choose the right one for your own needs. Therefore, we have summarized the following content for your consideration.

Dome camera is a popular choice for more vulnerable external systems and places such as schools, offices, homes, small shops and shopping centers. Dome cameras can be installed directly on the wall or under the eaves. They also have optional junction boxes and wall supports. This type of camera has an amazing anti-damage capability as the lens is completely covered in a destruction-proof glass dome, which makes it easy to hide.

A bullet camera is ideal for large, dark locations such as warehouses, factories, and parking lots as it can be a great deterrent. Normally, it is equipped with full-color night vision by adopting different sensors.

Turret cameras are becoming more popular amongst professionals and are very suitable for indoor use. Same as dome cameras, turret cameras provide high-quality video surveillance as well, but unlike dome security cameras with glass housing, the lack of dome shell makes turret cameras free from glare effects. In addition, the easy angle adjustment also makes turret security cameras overshadow bullet and dome cameras.

Being familiar with the difference between Dome, Bullet camera and Turret  is very crucial. Another important thing is to find out the ideal video surveillance solution for your home or business which involves couple of different types of IP cameras for different areas.